This 2017 report is based on interviews with individuals at three maximum-security prisons in California. Researchers found that people formerly held in indefinite solitary confinement in California’s Security Housing Units (SHUs) face continuing mental health consequences even after they are
This article examines the trend of “attempts to solve the crisis by convicting the prisoner of additional crimes to extend prison tenure or by activating postincarceration civil commitment to a psychiatric hospital.”
In this article, the authors examined people sent to New York City's Clinical Alternative to Punitive Segregation (CAPS) unit as well as those sent to the Restrictive Housing Unit (RHU) and their clinical outcomes (focused on incidents of self-harm
This report details the method and findings of the authors’ study of the psychological effects of long-term administrative segregation (AS) in Colorado.
This study examines the effect of mental illness on the likelihood that an incarcerated person is sanctioned with segregation following an incident of misconduct.
This CNN article tells the story of Jeancarlo Alfonso Jimenez Joseph, who in 2017 was detained at the Stewart Detention Center near Lumpkin, Georgia, and died by suicide after 18 days in solitary confinement.
Human Rights Watch. Callous and Cruel: Use of Force against Inmates with Mental Disabilities in US Jails and Prisons. Report. May 2015. Across the United States, staff working in jails and prisons have used unnecessary, excessive, and even malicious force on
Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe, Guidance Document on the Nelson Mandela Rules (Warsaw, Poland: OSCE, 2018). This document provides guidance for the implementation of minimum standards for the treatment of people in prison. It incorporates existing international legal and
This article argues that solitary confinement has well-documented adverse effects. It specifically addresses the lack of credibility of two studies that found that solitary confinement has no adverse effects.
This article provides a review of research on the negative psychological effects of solitary confinement and an overview of the emerging movement to drastically reduce its use.
Placing juvenile into solitary confinement continues to occur despite the accumulating evidence that it may cause substantial psychological damage.