This 2017 report is based on interviews with individuals at three maximum-security prisons in California. Researchers found that people formerly held in indefinite solitary confinement in California’s Security Housing Units (SHUs) face continuing mental health consequences even after they are
This study finds that previously incarcerated people with self-reported psychotic symptoms were more likely to have a previous placement in solitary confinement
This report by the HALTsolitary campaign finds that 43 percent of the suicide attempts in New York State prisons occur in restrictive housing units.
This meta-analysis of eleven studies reveals a moderate association between any mental health problem and placement into solitary confinement
This Danish study revealed that the 5-year mortality rate among formerly incarcerated individuals who were placed in solitary confinement was significantly higher than that of people who had not spent time in solitary, and almost ten times higher than that
This study, published in the American Journal of Public Health, aims to specify the symptoms and measure the prevalence of psychological distress among incarcerated people in long-term solitary confinement.
This law prohibits the use of restrictive housing for people who are 18 years old or younger, pregnant, or diagnosed with serious mental illness, developmental disability, or traumatic brain injury.
This study found that people in California supermax units have a 31% higher rate of hypertension than people in less restrictive conditions
This Colorado Department Corrections (DOC) policy outlines a specialized program for “offenders with mental illness and/or intellectual and developmental disabilities.”
This Bureau of Justice Statistics report explores the prevalence of mental health issues in prison and jails.
This policy provides guidelines for the NCDPS Suicide Prevention Program.