Ulrich, Roger S., Craig Zimring, Xiaobo Quan, and Anjali Joseph. “The Environment’s Impact on Stress.” In Improving Healthcare with Better Building Design, edited by Sara O. Marberry, 37–61. Chicago, IL: ACHE Management Series/Health Administration Press, 2005.
Hospitalized patients, families of patients, and hospital staff experience high levels of stress. This chapter examines the ways in which the physical layouts, noise levels, and interior designs of hospitals exacerbate or reduce stress. The authors argue that building design, orientation, site planning, and exposure to natural light can mitigate stress and pain and shorten patient stays.
Keywords: health, mental health, conditions of confinement, design