Southern Poverty Law Center. Solitary Confinement: Inhumane, Ineffective, and Wasteful. Report. 2019.
On any given day, the Florida Department of Corrections (FDC) holds approximately 10,000 people in solitary confinement. Despite numerous studies that have underscored the fact that solitary confinement harms people’s physical and mental health, as well as the community to which incarcerated people will return, FDC continues to hold more than ten percent of its incarcerated population in solitary. Despite a lawsuit in the 1990s, Osterback v. Moore, which resulted in some reforms, solitary confinement in Florida’s prisons did not end but rather evolved. The issue of solitary confinement in Florida is compounded by its high incarceration rates, cuts to rehabilitative programming, and staff shortages.
This report by the Southern Poverty Law Center (SPLC) describes the solitary confinement practices in Florida, the negative effects of solitary confinement, and stories of people who have experienced solitary confinement in Florida. The SPLC also makes recommendations to reform and reduce the use of solitary confinement in Florida.
Key words: solitary confinement, restrictive housing, segregation, disciplinary segregation, administrative segregation, Florida, Florida Department of Corrections