Law and Justice Interim Committee. SJ 25 Final Report: Studying Solitary Confinement in Montana. Final report to the 66th Montana legislature. Montana Legislative Services Division, Office of Research and Policy Analysis. 2018.
In 2017 the Montana legislature recommended that the Law and Justice Interim Committee (LJIC) conduct a study to determine the extent of the use of solitary confinement in state and county institutions. Senate Joint Resolution 25 asked the LJIC to review:
- “Existing solitary confinement practices and reasons for the use of solitary confinement in state prisons, local jails, and youth detention facilities;
- State, local, and facility policies and procedures in place to govern the use of solitary confinement for youth and individuals with mental illness;
- Changes that could be made to reduce or eliminate the use of solitary confinement in these facilities for youth and individuals with mental illness, including methods used by other states to achieve these ends;
- Other topics the committee considered relevant to a better understanding of this topic.”
This report to the legislature summarizes the LJIC’s work and findings.
Key words: solitary confinement, prison isolation, restrictive housing, segregation, conditions of confinement, isolation, vulnerable populations, mental illness, juveniles, juvenile detention, juvenile justice