Subramanian, Ram, and Alison Shames. Sentencing and Prison Practices in Germany and the Netherlands: Implications for the United States. New York: Vera Institute of Justice, 2013.
“The U.S. prison population has increased 700 percent in the last 40 years, and state corrections expenditures reached $53.5 billion in 2012. Despite this massive investment in incarceration, the national recidivism rate remains at a stubborn 40 percent—meaning that four in 10 incarcerated people will return to prison within three years of release. To learn how other countries deal with corrections and sentencing, Vera led a delegation of state officials from Colorado, Georgia, and Pennsylvania on a trip to Germany and the Netherlands to tour those countries’ prisons, speak with corrections officials, and interact with inmates. This report details their experiences on the tour and the impact it has had on policy discussions and public debate on prison reform in the U.S.”
Keywords: international, sentencing, European-American Prison Project, European corrections, rehabilitation.