Steiner, Benjamin, and John Wooldredge. “Rethinking the link between institutional crowding and inmate misconduct.” The Prison Journal 89, no. 2 (2009): 205-233.
“Studies of prison crowding effects on inmate misconduct have produced anomalous findings, perhaps because of the cross-study differences in research methods. Different methods are important for several goals of scientific inquiry, but there are advantages to adopting similar approaches when studying a policy-relevant question. A cross-section of studies is reviewed toward the end of providing a strategy for more uniform research on the topic. Of primary interest are (a) operationalization of concepts; (b) underlying explanations for possible effects of crowding on misconduct; (c) the direct, indirect, and conditioning effects of crowding on misconduct; and (d) the bi-level nature of the crowding—misconduct relationship.”
Keywords: institutional overcrowding, inmate misconduct.