Report of the Special Rapporteur on torture and other cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment, Juan E. Mendez, U.N. Doc. A/HRC/28/68 (March 5, 2015).
This report was authored by Juan E. Méndez, the United Nations’ independent expert on torture and other ill treatment, and focuses on the rights of children deprived of their liberty, including through criminal justice systems, immigration detention, and other institutions.
“In the report, the Special Rapporteur explores the international legal framework and standards protecting children deprived of their liberty from being subjected to torture or other ill-treatment and from experiencing developmentally harmful and torturous conditions of confinement. He also examines specific statutes and standards applying to prevent torture and ill-treatment of children deprived of liberty, and shortcomings in the practical implementation of legal standards.”
The report addresses the placement of children in solitary confinement (see paragraphs 44, 55, 60, and 86), as well as issues related to the placement of children in adult institutions. The Special Rapporteur “is of the view that the imposition of solitary confinement, of any duration, on children constitutes cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment or even torture,” and in his recommendations, he calls upon states “to prohibit solitary confinement of any duration and for any purpose.”
Keywords: juvenile, immigration detention, immigrant, child, persons with disabilities, juveniles in adult facilities, juveniles in protective custody, human rights, international norms, international standards