Reforms and Alternatives

Dignity Denied

This 2013 report from the Center for American Progress examines the mistreatment of LGBT immigrants in immigration detention. Read More

Reducing the Use of Isolation

This Toolkit is intended to guide youth correctional administrators and their directors of institutions in changing cultures that rely on isolation as a behavior management tool. Read More

The loneliest place in the world

This article discusses the Idaho Department of Correction’s attempts to decrease its use of solitary confinement, as well as improve the conditions and treatment of those in segregated housing. Read More

Webinar 1: Using Assessment to Drive Reform

The first in the Safe Alternatives to Segregation Initiative's webinar series, this webinar examines the benefits of reducing the use of segregation, discusses what a system interested in reforming this practice needs to know to get started, and features reduction strategies implemented by the corrections departments of Pennsylvania and New Mexico. Read More

Colorado Senate Bill 11-176

This bill, passed in 2011, addresses the use of restrictive housing in Colorado prisons and requires the submission of an annual report on the issue to the legislature. Read More

My Night in Solitary

This New York Times op-ed by Colorado corrections director Rick Raemisch chronicles the night he voluntarily spent in solitary confinement and reflects on Colorado prisons’ use of segregated housing and the need for reform. Read More

Solitary Confinement and Risk of Self-harm Among Jail Inmates

This analysis found self-harm to be associated significantly with, among other factors, being in solitary confinement at least once and serious mental illness. Because of this concern, the New York City jail system modified its practices to direct inmates with mental illness who violate rules to more clinical settings and eliminate solitary confinement for those with serious mental illness. Read More

Ashker v. Governor of California

This federal class action lawsuit, on behalf of prisoners held in the Security Housing Unit at California’s Pelican Bay State Prison, was settled on September 1, 2015, ending indeterminate solitary confinement in California, and dramatically reducing the number of people in isolation. Read More

Office of Protection and Advocacy v. Choinski

Connecticut's Office of Protection and Advocacy for Persons with Disabilities filed a case alleging that prisoners with mental illness were subject to unconstitutional conditions of confinement. The settlement agreement called for increased staffing and changes to mental health services. Read More

Presley v. Epps

This federal lawsuit, filed on behalf of individuals confined in a supermax facility in Mississippi, alleged inhumane conditions of confinement. In August 2010, Mississippi agreed to close the unit and move all seriously mentally ill inmates to a mental health facility. Read More

Texas House Bill 1083

This bill, passed in 2015, requires a mental health assessment be performed before an inmate can be placed in administrative segregation. Read More

New York Senate Bill 6422 / Assembly Bill 9342

This bill, which went into effect in 2008, requires mental health assessments of inmates placed in segregated confinement and requires that inmates with serious mental illness be excluded from such confinement and instead placed in residential mental health treatment units. Read More

S.H. v. Reed

A federal civil rights class action on behalf of all juveniles in the custody of the Ohio Department of Youth Services. Read More

Peoples v. Fischer

A lawsuit that challenged the constitutionality of solitary confinement in New York State prisons, which in 2015 resulted in a settlement agreement to comprehensively overhaul its use. Read More