Effects on Institutional Behavior, Reentry, and Recidivism

North Dakota’s Norway Experiment

This 2017 article describes the 2015 trip to Norway by officials from North Dakota’s Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation and the subsequent changes made to their system including restricted housing. Read More

Report to the NYC Board of Correction

This 2013 report by the New York City Board of Correction provides a scathing picture of how solitary confinement is employed as a routine disciplinary measure on Rikers Island and in other city jails. Read More

Dignity Denied

This 2013 report from the Center for American Progress examines the mistreatment of LGBT immigrants in immigration detention. Read More

Reducing the Use of Isolation

This Toolkit is intended to guide youth correctional administrators and their directors of institutions in changing cultures that rely on isolation as a behavior management tool. Read More

Restrictive Housing in the U.S.: Issues, Challenges, and Future Directions

This report, composed by the National Institute of Justice, dives into all aspects of restrictive housing from conditions of confinement to legality to impacts and more. This report is comprised of a series of papers by leading experts on restrictive housing and commentary on research gaps, as well as directions for further research. This is not a new research study. Read More

Solitary Confinement: Punished for Life

This New York Times article focuses on the psychological effects of long-term solitary confinement and examines the research of Dr. Craig Haney, who interviewed inmates who have been in segregation for years and even decades at Pelican Bay State Prison in California. Read More

Recidivism in Connecticut

A 2001 review of recidivism data in Connecticut found that 92 percent of incarcerated people who had been held in administrative segregation were rearrested within three years, compared to 66 percent who had not been in administrative segregation. Read More

My Night in Solitary

This New York Times op-ed by Colorado corrections director Rick Raemisch chronicles the night he voluntarily spent in solitary confinement and reflects on Colorado prisons’ use of segregated housing and the need for reform. Read More