Hagan, B.O., E.A. Wang, J.A. Aminawung, et al. "History of Solitary Confinement Is Associated with Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder Symptoms among Individuals Recently Released From Prison." (January 1, 2017). J Urban Health. DOI:10.1007/s11524-017-0138-1.
This study assessed the relationship between solitary confinement and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms in a cohort of recently released former prisoners. The cross-sectional design utilized baseline data from the Transitions Clinic Network, a multi-site prospective longitudinal cohort study of post-incarceration medical care. Our main independent variable was self-reported solitary confinement during the participants’ most recent incarceration; the dependent variable was the presence of PTSD symptoms deter-mined by primary care (PC)-PTSD screening when participants initiated primary care in the community. Experiencing solitary confinement was significantly associated with PTSD symptoms among individuals accessing primary care following release from prison. Larger studies should confirm these findings.
Keywords: Solitary confinement, Incarceration, Post-traumatic stress disorder, Post-traumatic stress disorder screening