Perlmutter, Alexis and Mike Corradini. Invisible in Isolation: The Use of Segregation and Solitary Confinement in Immigration Detention. Heartland Alliance's National Immigrant Justice Center and Physicians for Human Rights, 2012.
“While the harm caused by solitary confinement to inmates in prisons and jails has been well documented, Invisible in Isolation: The Use of Segregation and Solitary Confinement in Immigration Detention shows that solitary confinement of immigrants in detention is often arbitrarily applied, inadequately monitored, harmful to their health, and a violation of their due process rights. NIJC and PHR uncovered numerous cases in which detention facilities placed mentally ill immigrants in solitary confinement rather than treating them, or separated sexual minorities against their wishes from the general inmate population. Many immigration detainees in solitary confinement had strict limits placed on such 'privileges' as outdoor recreation, reading material, and even access to legal counsel. Overall, investigators found, ICE has failed to hold detention centers and jails accountable for their abusive use of solitary confinement.”
Keywords: immigration, immigrant, administrative segregation, mental health, mental illness, reform, due process, human rights, conditions of confinement, protective custody, LGBT